The anthropologist Grover Krantz dedicated her body to science on condition that her beloved Irisholf, the Dalmatians of the archaeologist Mar le spill seguita, would follow her to remote places, where they would warn the team of harmful wild predators. In addition to being faithful companions of scientists, dogs have participated in centuries of scientific discoveries and innovations. The inclusion of dogs in certain forms of science remains an ethical dilemma because dogs are intelligent and emotional creatures, but scientists still use them in biomedical and health issue research and pharmaceutical toxicity studies for many reasons, not least because the Physiology of dogs is closer to ours than that of rats. Dogs that work in science today also identify invasive species, help with species conservation and even help detect the initial signs of the health issue. As the number of tasks for dogs in science continues to increase, it is worth revisiting the important contributions of dogs in the field.
The Lascaux Caves in southwestern France are famous for containing some of the most detailed and best-preserved examples of prehistoric art in the world. More than 600 paintings created by generations of ancient people lined the walls of the cave. But if it hadn’t been for a white named “Robot” who, according to some reports, discovered the caves in 1940, we might not have discovered the art until many years later. Marcel Ravidat, then an 18-year-old apprentice mechanic, was walking the robot when the dog slipped into a hole. By following the robot’s wadded barks, Ravidat found more than the robot dog that had led him to one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of the twentieth century.
Laika, a stray rescued from the streets of Moscow, became the initial dog to orbit the earth in 1957. in the middle of 1951 and 1952, the Soviets began sending pairs of dogs into space, starting with Dezik and Tsy, a total of nine dogs were sent on these initial missions, with four gones. When Sputnik 2 was launched with Laika on board, astrophysicists had figured out how to put the canine astronaut into Earth orbit, but not how to bring her back from space. Once in orbit, Laika survived and rotated for a little over an hour and a half before sadly dying when the temperatures inside the spacecraft rose too much. If the heat shield of the capsule had not been broken, Laika would have died on reentry. While some oppositeed the decision to send Laika into orbit knowing that she was going to die, others defended the knowledge they had acquired to show that animals could live in space.
Strelka and Belka
In August 1960, the Soviet Union launched the Sputnik 5 capsule into space. Along with mice, rats and a rabbit, two dogs were the initial living beings to enter orbit and return safely to Earth. These and other animal astronaut missions paved the way for human spaceflight. Less than a year after the successful trip of Strelka and Belka, the Soviets sent the people and the dog couple continued to live a life full of dogs and even had offspring.